Shaped like a wedge and nearly three times as large as Texas (US), Mexico is bordered by the United States to the North and on the south by Guatemala and Belize.
Average temperatures in Mexico
Mexico City the capital, sees two seasons: dry and wet. During January and February –the coldest months – the average temperature is 58 F, while during the hottest months –April and May – the average temperature reaches 79 F.
Cancun has typical tropical weather. Through the year the temperature averages around 67 F (minimum) and 90 F (maximum). Temperatures are at their highest between April and September, averaging 85-90 F.
Merida, the capital of Yucatan State, is blessed with tropical climate. In January –the coldest month – the average temperature is 75 F, while in July –the hottest month- the average temperature reaches 95 F. To avoid the scorching heat, most people are busiest in the mornings and then take the lunch break (siesta) only to return to work when the weather cools off a bit in the afternoon.
Monterrey has a humid subtropical climate, with pleasant springs and autumns and hot summers. Average temperatures in August –hottest month- are between 74 F (minimum) and 95 F (maximum) while in January –the coldest month- the average temperatures are between 48 F (minimum) and 67 F (maximum)g>.
Tijuana has almost perfect weather all year round. Average temperatures in January -the coldest month- reach 68 F, while average temperatures in August and September –the hottest months -reach 78-79 F.
Weather across regions of Mexico
- The Tropic of Cancer divides Mexico into temperate (to the north) and tropical (to the south) zones. The areas to the north of the tropic experience cooler temperatures during winter, while the area to the south experiences fairly constant temperatures during the year, with variations based only on elevation.
- Areas south of the tropic with elevations up to 3,280 ft / 1,000 m –the coastal plains and most of Yucatan Peninsula – have yearly average temperature between 24 C / 75.2 F and 28 C/ 82.4 F. During the year, temperatures vary very little from season to season.
- North of the tropic, summers are hot and humid but generally the temperatures are lower.
- The northern part of Mexico experiences very cold winters and vary warm summers. Near-freezing conditions and snow are not uncommon in this area.
- Many cities, including Mexico City, are located in the Valley of Mexico, where altitudes are generally about 6,562 ft / 2,000 m. Yearly average temperatures are lower than in the southern part.
- Northwestern Mexico, because of the cold Californian current and the influence of the North Pacific anticyclone, is characterized by a desert or semi-desert climate.
- The water of the Caribbean Sea makes the eastern coastal region have typical tropical climate, with a single wet season in the summer.
The Wet Season in Mexico
The rain season (wet) through the country lasts from May to October. The rest of the year is completely rainless.
Tropical Storms in Mexico
Both the east and the west coasts are affected by tropical storms which bring two or three days of heavy rainfall. Tropical storms are most likely to occur between August and October. Thankfully, very few of them reach hurricane levels.
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